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US - UK Baking Translations

If you use recipes from America, you may often wonder what certain ingredients are. Twins have compiled a list of US baking terms and ingredients and translated them into our own UK variations.

US       -       UK

Wax paper – Greaseproof paper

Frosting – Icing (normally buttercream)

Cornstarch – Cornflour

Self-rising flour – Self-raising flour

All-purpose flour – Plain flour

Strong flour – Bread flour

Whole-wheat flour – Wholemeal flour

Almond meal/flour – Ground almonds

Powdered/Confectioner’s sugar – Icing sugar

Light brown cane sugar – Demerara sugar

Superfine sugar – Caster sugar

Non-fat milk – Skimmed milk

Reduced fat milk – Semi-skimmed milk

Heavy cream – Double cream

Half & half/light cream – Single cream

Corn syrup – Golden syrup

Molasses – Treacle

Jelly – Jam

Shortening – Solid white vegetable far (e.g. Trex)

Bittersweet chocolate – Dark cooking chocolate (70%)

Semisweet chocolate – Plain milk cooking chocolate (50%)

Fondant paste – Sugarpaste

Gum paste – Flower/modelling paste

Baking soda – Bicarbonate of soda

Please note, baking soda is not the same as baking powder.

Baking powder (British) is a raising agent which contains bicarbonate of soda (baking soda) and cream of tartar.